Law of the Peoples Republic of China on Prevention and Treatment of Infections Diseases

Date:2008-01-17

  • (Adopted at the 6th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People’s Congress on February 21,1989,and revised at the 11th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People’s Congress on August 28,2004)

    Contents
    ChapterⅠGeneral provisions
    ChapterⅡPrevention of Infectious Diseases
    ChapterⅢReporting on,Releasing Information on and Announcing the Epidemic Situation
    Chapter ⅣControl of the Epidemic Situation
    Chapter ⅤMedical Treatment
    Chapter ⅥSupervision and Control
    Chapter ⅦGuarantee Measures
    Chapter ⅨSupplementary Provisions
      
    Chapter Ⅰ
    General Provisions
       Article 1 This Law is enacted in order to prevent,control and put an end to the outbreak and spread of infectious diseases and to ensure the health of the people and public sanitation.
       Article 2 With respect to prevention and treatment of infectious diseases,the State implements a policy of putting emphasis on prevention,combining prevention with treatment,exercising classified control,and relying on science and the masses.
       Article 3 The infectious diseases governed by this Law are divided into Classes A,B and C.
       Infectious diseases under Class A are plague and cholera.
       Infectious diseases under Class B are infectious SARS,AIDS,viral hepatitis poliomyelitis,highly pathogenic avian influenza,measles,epidemic hemorrhagic fever,rabies epidemic encephalitis B,dengue fever,anthrax,bacillary and amebic dysentery,pulmonary tuberculosis,typhoid and paratyphoid,epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis,pertussis,diphtheria,tetanus infantum,scarlet fever,brucellosis,gonorrhoea,syphilis,leptospirosis,schistosomiasis and malaria.
       Infectious diseases under Class C are influenza,epidemic parotitis,rubella,acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis,leprosy epidemic and endemic typhus,kala-azar,echinococcosis,filariasis,and infectious diarrhea other than cholera,bacillary and amebic dysentery,typhoid and paratyphoid.
       Infectious diseases other than the ones specified in the preceding paragraphs that need to be included in the infectious diseases under Class B or C,depending on the situation of their outbreak and prevalence and the extent f the harm done,shall be decided on and announced by the health administration department under the State Council.
       Article 4 With respect to the infectious SARB,pulmonary anthrax in anthrax and highly pathogenic avian influenza that infects human beings,included in the infectious diseases under Class B,the measures for prevention and control of infectious diseases under Class B,the measures for prevention and control of infectious diseases under Class A,as mentioned in this Law,shall be taken. With respect to the other infectious diseases under Class B and the infectious diseases the cause for the outbreak of which are uncertain and for which the measures for prevention and control of infectious diseases under Class A,as mentioned in this Law,need to be taken,the health administration department under the State Council shall,without delay,administration department under State Council shall,without delay,report the matter to the State Council for approval before making an announcement and take the measures.
       With respect to the other endemic infectious diseases,which are common and multiple in their own administrative areas,the people’s governments of provinces,autonomous regions,and municipalities directly under the Central Government may,in light of the actual situations,decide to control them the way they do with respect to the infectious diseases under Class B or C,make announcements,and report the matter to the health administration department under the State Council for the record.
       Article 5 people’s governments at various levels shall direct the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases.
       People’s governments at or above the county level shall draw up programmes for prevention and treatment of infectious diseases and arrange for their implementation,and establish a sound system for prevention and control of diseases,medical treatment and supervision and control for prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
       Article 6 The health administration department under the State Council shall be in charge of the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases as well as exercising supervision and control over such diseases nationwide,The health administration departments under the local people’s governments at or above the county level shall be in charge of the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases as well as exercising supervision and control over such diseases within their own administrative areas.
       The other departments under the people’s governments at or above the county level shall be in charge of the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases within the scope of their respective duties.
       The prevention and treatment of infectious diseases in the people’s Liberation Army shall be carried out in compliance with this Law and the relevant regulations of the State and shall be supervised and controlled by the department in charge of health in the Army.
       Article 7 Diseases prevention and control institutions at all levels shall do the work of monitoring and forecasting infectious diseases,and of making epidemiological investigation and reporting on epidemic situation as well as the work of preventing and controlling other diseases.
       Medical agencies shall do the work if preventing and treating infectious diseases that is related to medical treatment and the work of preventing infectious diseases within their own responsibility areas. Medical agencies in urban communities and rural areas at the grass-roots level shall,under the direction of disease prevention and control institutions,do the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases for the corresponding urban communities and rural areas at the grass-roots level.
       Article 8 The State develops modern medical science and such traditional medical science as traditional Chinese medicine and pharmacology,and supports and encourages scientific research in prevention and treatment of infectious diseases with a view to raising the scientific and technological level of preventing and treating infectious diseases.
       The State support and encourages international cooperation in preventing and treating infectious diseases.
       Article 9 The State supports and encourages units and individuals to participate in the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases. People’s governments at all level shall improve relevant systems to facilitate the units and individuals’ participation in such activities as publicity and education in the importance of prevention and treatment of infectious diseases,report on epidemic situation,voluntary services and donation.
       Residents and villagers’ committees shall get the residents or villagers organized to participate in prevention and control of infectious diseases in the urban communities and rural areas.
       Article 10 The State conducts health education in respect of prevention of infectious diseases. The news media shall publicize gratis for the public good the importance of prevention and treatment of infectious diseases and public sanitation.
    Schools of various kinds at different levels shall disseminate among their students knowledge on health and on prevention of infectious diseases.
       Medical colleges and universities shall improve education on and research in preventive medicine and conduct education on and training in preventive medicine among the students and people working for prevention and treatment of infectious diseases,in order to provide technical assistance to the work of preventing and treating infectious diseases.

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