Rules for The Implementation of Frontier Health and Quarantine Law of The Peoples Republic of China

Date:2008-01-17

  • (Approved by the State Council on February 10, 1989 and promul-gated by Decree No. 2 of the Ministry of Public Health on March 6, 1989)

    Contents
    Chapter I General Provisions
    Chapter II Report of Epidemic Situation
    Chapter III Health or Quarantine Organs
    Chapter IV Sea-port Quarantine
    Chapter V Air-port Quarantine
    Chapter VI Border Quarantine
    Chapter VII Sanitization
    Chapter VIII Administration of Epidemic Disease Quarantine
    Chapter IX Monitoring of Epidemic Disease
    Chapter X Health Supervision
    Chapter XI Penalty Provisions
    Chapter XII Supplementary Provisions

    Chapter I General Provisions
    Article 1
    These Implementation Rules are formulated in accordance with the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law of the Peoples Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law).
    Article 2
    For the purpose of the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law and these Implementation Rules, the definitions of the following terms are:
    "Inspection" means that the Frontier Health and Quarantine Organ (hereinafter referred to as the "Health and Quarantine Organ") carries out medical inspection and sanitary inspection.
    "Quarantinable Epidemic Victim" means a person who suffers from quarantinable infectious disease or a person who has been proved through primary diagnosis by the Health and Quarantine organ to have caught the quarantinable infectious disease or have become an incubation carrier.
    "Quarantinable Epidemic Suspect" means a person who has been exposed to the quarantinable epidemic environment and may transmit quarantinable infectious diseases.
    "Isolation" means that a person affected by a quarantinable epidemic disease is being detained in a designated place for medical treatment until there is no longer any risk of spreading the disease.
    "Check-up detention" means that a suspect carrier of a quarantinable epidemic disease is being detained in a designated place for diagnosis and check-up.
    "On-site clinical check-up" means that a person is required to go to the nearest health and quarantee organ or medical treatment unit for diagnosis and check-up within a specific period of time set by the health and quarantine organ or that the person is visited by people either from the
    health and quarantine organ or from the medical treatment unit for diagnosis and check-up.
    "Transportation facility" means cargo containers.
    "Sanitization" means both medical measures, including isolation, check-up detention and on-site clinical check-up and "sanitary measures" including disinfection, deratization, and deinsectization.
    "To monitor epidemic diseases" means to carry out survey in a specific environment and among specific groups of people on matters relating to epidemiology, serology, etiology, and clinical symptoms and to make prognostication of the incidence, development and spread of an epidemic disease.
    "Health supervision" means the sanitary inspection, identification, evaluation and sampling conducted in the implementation of the health law and hygienic standard. "Conveyance" means vessels, aircraft, trains and other motor vehicles.
    "Frontier ports" means international seaports, airports, railway or bus terminals on the border, and ports of entry at land frontiers and boundary rivers.
    Article 3
    Duty range for health and quarantine organs on the frontier shall cover those hotels, restaurants and clubs on the frontier and those units that provide food or services for the incoming or outgoing conveyance and those places where quarantine inspection, sanitary monitoring and health supervision on the incoming or outgoing persons, conveyance, containers and goods are carried out.
    Article 4
    All persons, conveyance and containers, as well as articles such as baggage, goods, postal parcels that may transmit quarantinable diseases are subject to quarantine inspection upon entering or exiting the country in accordance with these Rules, and entry and exit shall be allowed to them only after an approval is issued by the health and quarantine office.
    Article 5
    When a quarantinable epidemic victim is discovered by the health and quarantine organ, measures must be taken promptly in accordance with the rules stipulated in Chapter VIII of these Rules to place him in isolation and prevent other persons from being infected. When a quarantinable epidemic suspect is found by the health and quarantine organ, he shall be dealt with in accordance with the rules stipulated in Chapter VIII. As for those suspects suffering from contagious diseases other than plague, cholera and yellow fever as defined in Chapter VIII of these Rules, they shall be subject to on-site clinical check-up or check-up detention as well as other measures of sanitization for a period of time not exceeding the longest incubation period of that contagious counting from the day they left the infected environment.
    Article 6
    Health and quarantine organs are required to bar any quarantinable epidemic victims or suspects from exit, with the exception of those who come from abroad and have undergone on-site clinical check up on arrival.
    These persons can leave the port if they wish to if they leave in conveyance, quarantine physicians are required to annotate and comment on their Exit Quarantine Certificates and to inform the person in charge of the conveyance to take the necessary precautionary measures.
    Article 7
    When a death due to an unidentified cause other than accidental harm is discovered at a frontier port, the corpse shall be subject to quarantine inspection and only after an entry or exit permit is granted can the corpse be removed.
    Article 8
    When a quarantine infectious disease or a disease suspected to be quarantinable or a death due to an unidentified cause other than accidental harm is discovered on conveyance from a domestic pestilence area or in the course of a domestic voyage, the persons in charge of the conveyance are required to make a report to the health and quarantine organ on arrival at the frontier port and undergo preliminary quarantine inspection.
    Article 9
    In times when quarantinable infectious diseases are prevailing at home or abroad, the administrative department of health under the State Council shall report the situation to the State Council for decisions on taking the following precautionary measures, partially or totally, in quarantine inspection:
    (1) giving orders to blockade relevant sections of the border and frontier water course
    (2) giving orders that certain articles must be disinfected or treated with insecticides before they are allowed in or out of the country
    (3) giving orders to prohibit shipment, in or out, of certain articles
    (4) giving orders to designate the primary sea-ports and airports. Those vessels or aircraft from foreign pestilence areas, without going through quarantine inspection at the primary sea-port or airport, shall not be permitted to get into any other sea-port or airport, with the exception of cases of accidents or other special reasons.
    Article 10
    Upon the arrival of containers, goods, or discarded used materials at the port ready for shipping in or out, the shipper, the carriers agent or the consignor is required to report to the health and quarantine organ for inspection. Containers, goods, or used materials that come from pestilence area or have been contaminated by an epidemic disease or are likely to spread quarantinable epidemic diseases or are found to have carried rodents which affect human health and vectors are required to undergo disinfection, deratization, deinsectization and other necessary sanitization process. If the owner of the containers, goods or discarded used materials asks to go through quarantine inspection or sanitization in other places, the health and quarantine organ shall provide convenience and carry out the task in accordance with regulations.

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